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Airbus Helicopters H215 Super Puma

The Airbus Helicopters H215, previously known as the Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, is a twin-engine, medium-size utility helicopter with four blades.

Originally developed and marketed by Aérospatiale, it was later taken over by Eurocopter and is currently under Airbus Helicopters.

This model is an upgraded and larger version of the original Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma.

The Super Puma made its first flight in 1978 and became the primary production model in 1980, replacing the SA 330 Puma.

Military versions of the Super Puma have been sold under the AS532 Cougar designation since 1990.

The Super Puma was developed in the 1970s as an evolution of the SA 330 Puma.

The fuselage was redesigned to enhance damage tolerance and crashworthiness, incorporating more composite materials.

It also featured more powerful Turbomeca Makila turboshaft engines, a streamlined nose, and other modifications.

Two versions with different fuselage lengths were created.

The SA 331 preproduction prototype flew for the first time on September 5, 1977, followed by the first true Super Puma a year later.

By 1980, the Super Puma had replaced the SA 330 Puma as Aérospatiale’s primary utility helicopter.

The Super Puma has proven to be a highly successful aircraft for military customers.

The French Army was an early adopter, utilising the Super Puma in their new rapid response task force, the Force d’Action Rapide.

They regularly deployed Super Pumas to provide support for France’s overseas missions in Africa and the Middle East.

Indonesia also became a significant user of the Super Puma, with PT Dirgantara Indonesia, the state-owned aircraft manufacturer, obtaining a licence to produce it locally.

Military versions of the Super Puma have been marketed as the AS532 Cougar since 1990.


SA 331

Initial prototype, based on SA 330 airframe, first flew on September 5, 1977
AS 332A

Military version
AS 332B1

First military version
AS 332C

SAR version, equipped with a search radar and six stretchers
AS 332F

Military anti-submarine and anti-ship versions
AS 332F1

Naval version
AS 332M

Military version of the AS 332L
AS 332M1

Stretched military version
NAS 332

Licenced version built by IPTN, now Indonesian Aerospace PT DI

Brazilian Air Force designation for the two VIP-configured Super Pumas





24 passengers plus attendant / 4,490 kg (9,899 lb)


16.79 m (55 ft 1 in) fuselage

18.7 m (61 ft) rotor turning


4.97 m (16 ft 4 in)

Empty weight

4,660 kg (10,274 lb)

Max take-off weight

9,150 kg (20,172 lb)


2 × Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft

1,376 kW (1,845 hp) each

Main rotor diameter

16.2 m (53 ft 2 in)

Main rotor area

206.12 m2 (2,218.7 sq ft)

Blade section


NACA 13112


NACA 13106


Cruise speed

277 km/h (172 mph, 150 kn) max

247 km/h (153 mph; 133 kn) econ

Never exceed speed

327 km/h (203 mph, 177 kn)


851 km (529 mi, 460 nmi)

Service ceiling

5,180 m (16,990 ft)

Rate of climb

7.4 m/s (1,460 ft/min)

Helicopters: An Illustrated History of their Impact-S S McGowen.
How the Helicopter Changed Modern Warfare-W Boyne.
National Air and Space Museum of France.



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