Aichi E13A

The Aichi E13A was a long-range reconnaissance seaplane used by the Imperial Japanese Navy  from 1941 to 1945.

Numerically the most important floatplane of the IJN, it could carry a crew of three and a bomb load of 250 kg (550 lb).

The Navy designation was “Navy Type Zero Reconnaissance Seaplane” .

In China, it operated from seaplane tenders and cruisers.

Later, it was used as a scout for the Attack on Pearl Harbor, and was encountered in combat by the United States Navy during the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway.

It was in service throughout the conflict, for coastal patrols, strikes against navigation, liaison, officer transports, castaway rescues, and other missions, along with some kamikaze missions in the last days of war.

One Aichi E13A was operated by Nazi Germany alongside two Arado Ar 196s out of the base at Penang.

The three aircraft formed the East Asia Naval Special Service to assist the German Monsun Gruppe as well as local Japanese naval operations.

Eight examples were operated by the French Navy Air Force during the First Indochina War from 1945-1947,  while others were believed to be operated by the Naval Air Arm of the Royal Thai Navy before the war.

Specifications

Crew

3

Length

11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)

Wingspan

14.5 m (47 ft 7 in)

Height

7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)

Wing area

36 m2 (390 sq ft)

Empty weight

2,642 kg (5,825 lb)

Gross weight

3,640 kg (8,025 lb)

Max take-off weight

4,000 kg (8,818 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Mitsubishi MK8 Kinsei 43 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine

790 kW (1,060 hp) for take-off

805 kW (1,080 hp) at 2,000 m (6,562 ft)

Propellers

3-bladed metal propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

376 km/h (234 mph, 203 kn) at 2,180 m (7,152 ft)

Cruise speed

222 km/h (138 mph, 120 kn) at 2,000 m (6,562 ft)

Range

2,089 km (1,298 mi, 1,128 nmi)

Endurance

14+ hours

Service ceiling

8,730 m (28,640 ft)

Time to altitude

3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 6 minutes 5 seconds

Wing loading

101.1 kg/m2 (20.7 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass

0.2163 kW/kg (0.1316 hp/lb)

Armament

Guns

1× flexible, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Type 92 machine gun for observer

Some aircraft were fitted with 2× 20mm Type 99-2 cannons, these faced downwards in a firing position in the underbelly,

Bombs

250 kg (551 lb) of bombs.

 

 

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