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Aichi E13A

The Aichi E13A served as a long-range reconnaissance seaplane for the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1941 to 1945.

As the IJN’s most numerous floatplane, it had the capacity to transport a crew of three and a bomb payload of 250 kg (550 lb).

Its official designation was “Navy Type Zero Reconnaissance Seaplane.”

In China, it was deployed from seaplane tenders and cruisers.

Subsequently, it played a scouting role in the attack on Pearl Harbour and was engaged by the United States Navy during the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway.

The aircraft was operational throughout the conflict, performing coastal patrols, navigation strikes, liaison, officer transport, and castaway rescues, among other missions, and even participating in kamikaze missions during the war’s final days.

The German base at Penang operated one Aichi E13A alongside two Arado Ar 196s, forming the East Asia Naval Special Service to support the German Monsun Gruppe and local Japanese naval operations.

The French Navy Air Force utilised eight examples during the First Indochina War from 1945 to 1947, and it is believed that the Naval Air Arm of the Royal Thai Navy operated some before the war.

One E13A was handed over to New Zealand forces following the cessation of hostilities.

It was operated for a short time by RNZAF personnel but was not restored after sustaining damage to a float, leading to its sinking at the moorings in Jacquinot Bay.

Specifications

Crew

3

Length

11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)

Wingspan

14.5 m (47 ft 7 in)

Height

7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)

Wing area

36 m2 (390 sq ft)

Empty weight

2,642 kg (5,825 lb)

Gross weight

3,640 kg (8,025 lb)

Max take-off weight

4,000 kg (8,818 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Mitsubishi MK8 Kinsei 43,

14-cylinder air cooled radial piston engine

790 kW (1,060 hp) for take-off

805 kW (1,080 hp) at 2,000 m (6,562 ft)

Propellers

3 bladed metal propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

376 km/h (234 mph, 203 kn) at 2,180 m (7,152 ft)

Cruise speed

222 km/h (138 mph, 120 kn) at 2,000 m (6,562 ft)

Range

2,089 km (1,298 mi, 1,128 nmi)

Endurance

14+ hours

Service ceiling

8,730 m (28,640 ft)

Time to altitude

3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 6 minutes, 5 seconds

Wing loading

101.1 kg/m2 (20.7 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass

0.2163 kW/kg (0.1316 hp/lb)

Armament

Guns

1× flexible rearward firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Type 92 machine gun for observer

Some aircraft were fitted with 2× 20mm Type 99-2 cannons, these faced downwards in a firing position in the underbelly,

Bombs

250 kg (551 lb) of bombs.

Sources
Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941-R C Mikesh & A Shorzoe

The Xplanes of Imperial Japanese Army & Navy 1924-1945-Illustrated Warplane History.

Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War-Rene Francillon.

Japanese Imperial Army Navy Aircraft Color Markings-Koku Fan 42.

Japanese Military Aircraft Illustrated-Bunrindo No. 711.

Japanese WW2 Aircraft in Colour Volume 1-Martin Ferkl.

 

 

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