Close this search box.

Aero L-29 Delphin

The Aero L-29 Delfín, an esteemed military jet trainer, was meticulously crafted by Aero Vodochody, a renowned aviation manufacturer based in Czechoslovakia.

This remarkable aircraft holds the distinction of being the nation’s inaugural locally conceived and produced jet plane.

Moreover, it stands as a testament to the magnitude of Czechoslovakia’s aircraft industrial program, which arguably surpasses any other initiative undertaken by the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) countries, with the exception of the Soviet Union.

Aero responded to a significant need for a common jet-propelled trainer among the various nations of the Eastern Bloc by initiating their own design project to meet this demand.

The first prototype, known as the XL-29, took its inaugural flight on April 5, 1959.

Subsequently, the L-29 was chosen to serve as the standard trainer for the air forces of Warsaw Pact countries, with deliveries commencing in the 1960s.

By the early 1970s, the L-39 Albatros, another aircraft manufactured by Aero, had taken over the primary trainer role, leading to a decrease in demand for the earlier L-29 and ultimately ceasing its production in 1974.

Throughout the duration of the program, more than 3,000 L-29 Delfín trainers were manufactured.

Approximately 2,000 of these trainers were sent to the Soviet Union, where they served as the primary training aircraft for the Soviet Air Force.

The remaining aircraft, which included both armed and unarmed versions, were distributed to various COMECON countries, as well as exported to nations such as Egypt, Syria, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Uganda.

It has been reported that the L-29 was utilised in active combat on multiple occasions, with notable examples including Nigerian aircraft in the Nigerian Civil War of the late 1960s and Egyptian L-29s engaging Israeli tanks during the brief Yom Kippur War of 1973.





10.81 m (35 ft 6 in)


10.29 m (33 ft 9 in)


3.13 m (10 ft 3 in)

Wing area

19.80 m2 (213.1 sq ft)

Aspect ratio



NACA 632A217 at root,

NACA 642A212 at tip

Empty weight

2,280 kg (5,027 lb)

Max take-off weight

3,280 kg (7,231 lb)

Fuel capacity

962 L (254 US gal; 212 imp gal),

Provision for

2× 150 L (40 US gal; 33 imp gal) external tanks


1 × Motorlet M-701c 500 turbojet,

8.7 kN (1,960 lbf) thrust


Maximum speed

655 km/h (407 mph, 354 kn) at 5,000 m (16,400 ft)

Stall speed

130 km/h (81 mph, 70 kn) (flaps down)

Never exceed speed

820 km/h (510 mph, 440 kn)


894 km (556 mi, 483 nmi) (with external tanks)


2 hr 30 min

Service ceiling

11,000 m (36,000 ft)

Rate of climb

14.00 m/s (2,755 ft/min)



2 x 7.62mm machine gun pods on hardpoints




8 air-to-ground rockets


2× 100 kg (220 lb) bombs.


Czechoslovakian Air Force, 1918-1970, Aircam Aviation Special 05-Richard Ward, Zdenek Titz & Gordon C. Davies.

Share on facebook